In the late 1970s, Shenzhen was still a quiet border town. In just over 30 years, it has emerged into a city of many accolades:
It has demonstrated an impressive pace of development, dubbed “Shenzhen Speed”.
Besides rapid development, Shenzhen is also rich in traditions, folk cultures, ancient relics, and dotted with notable archaeological sites.
Shenzhen is a coastal city in southern China, it is located in the east coast of the Pearl River estuary, and is adjacent to Hong Kong across the Shenzhen River. With a total area of 1991.64 square kilometers, Shenzhen enjoys a subtropical climate, with four warm seasons, sunny all year round, and is rich in a variety of fruits. The population was 10.4674 million at the end of 2011.
In 1980, under the leadership of Mr. Deng Xiaoping, China’s first special economic zone was established in Shenzhen. From then on, Shenzhen became the pioneer of China’s reform and opening-up policy as well as the pilot city of modernization. Shenzhen was a border town with only 2 or 3 streets and a population of just over 30,000. In just 32 years, it has developed into a modern metropolis of 10.46 millions of people, boasting economic prosperity, social harmony, and beautiful environment. It is indeed a miracle in history.
As China’s major international gateway, Shenzhen is the world’s fastest growing city. It is also one of China’s most economically developed cities. Shenzhen is an important high-tech R & D and manufacturing base in Southern China. It is also the world’s fourth largest container port, the fourth largest airport in China, and China’s Excellent Tourism City. High-tech industries, financial services, modern logistics industry ,and cultural industry are the city’s four pillar industries. Modern service industry is rapidly emerging and will become the new engine of economic development in Shenzhen.
Shenzhen is China’s design center. It is home to more than 6,000 design firms and more than 60,000 professional designers. November 19, 2008, the Shenzhen was appointed a UNESCO City of Design’
Shenzhen is a city of unique cultural charm. The extensive network of cultural services, the large number of top quality cultural facilities, as well as tens of thousands of cultural performances each year, all these contribute to a colourful cultural life for the general public. Since 2003, Shenzhen is the first city in China to adopt the policy of “city-building through culture”, the cultural and creative industries has undergone a rapid growth at an annual rate of over 20%.
Shenzhen is an ecological garden city. 1/2 of the total area of land is classified as “ecological control zone” in which construction is prohibited. The city has a green coverage of 45.05%, being China’s first “International Garden City”. Its ecological achievement was testified by the United Nations Environment Programme Global 500 Award.
Shenzhen is a city where volunteer culture flourishes. In China’s “most popular city of migrant workers,” campaigns are carried out each year to protect and to care for vulnerable groups. This earns Shenzhen the title “city without winter”.
Shenzhen, being a modern coastal city with rich features, is a famous tourist destination in southern China. This is acknowleged by the Chinese government appointing it an “Excellent Tourism City”. The New York Times listed Shenzhen as one of the 2010 must-see destinations.
Shenzhen, is currently accelerating the transformation of economic development. It strives to build an innovation-oriented city, a city that gives high priority to people’s livelihood and well-being, it aims towards a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, a paradigm shift from “Shenzhen speed” to “Shenzhen quality”.
Location: longitude 113 ° 46 ‘to 114 ° 37’, latitude 22 ° 27 ‘to 22 ° 52’
Total land area: 1,991.64 square kilometers
Waters: 310 rivers and streams, being part of the East River, and the Pearl River Estuary system.
172 reservoirs, total reservoir capacity of 611 million cubic meters.
Shenzhen Reservoir, located in Luohu district with a total capacity of more than 40 million cubic meters, is the main source of water for Hong Kong.
Shenzhen coastline : 230 kilometers
The highest peak : 943.7 m
History: 6700 years of history of human activity (Neolithic have thrived in Shenzhen Aboriginal land), 1700 years of county history, 600 years of town history (DaPeng Fortress, Nantou Ancient Town), and 300 years of Hakka immigration history.
Name: “Shenzhen” first appeared in history books in 1410 AD(Ming Dynasty). Market first formed in Qing Dynasty.
Administrative divisions: 6 Municipal disctricts: Futian, Luohu District, Nanshan District, Yantian District, Bao’an District, Longgang District. 4 New districts: Guangming, Pingshan, Longhua, Dapeng New District.
Population: 10,467,400 people of which Population with Residence Registration being 2.679 million people.
Immigrant culture: “the most popular city of migrant workers.” 2011
Competitiveness: ranked third in mainland China
Language: Mandarin is the dominant language.
Climatic conditions: subtropical climate, Average temperature being 22.4 C, frost-free period 355 days, average annual rainfall being 1933.3 mm, with 2120.5 hours of sunshine.
City tree: lychee and mangrove.
City flower: Bougainvillea.
Positioning of urban development: in accordance with the “reform of the Pearl River Delta Development Plan”, Shenzhen is to become the “national comprehensive reform pilot area”, “national economic center”, “national innovation-oriented city”, “Example city of Socialism with Chinese characteristics” and “international city”
Qianhai modern service industry cooperation zone: July 3, 2012, the State Council officially approved Shenzhen Qianhai modern service industry cooperation zone. Policy areas include financial, tax, legal, human resources, education, health care, and telecommunication.
Economic growth: 1.15 Trillion Yuan in 2011, an increase of 10.0% over the previous year, Ranked fourth in Mainland cities.
Annual total retail sales of social consumer goods: 352.087 billion yuan, an increase of 17.8%.
Annual foreign trade volume : 414.1 billion, an increase of 19.4%.
Total exports : 245.5 billion, an increase of 20.2%.
Competitiveness Index: Ranked 2nd in “the world’s most competitive city 2012” by the The Economist Intelligence Unit.
Revenue: 2011 budget revenue being 133.959 billion yuan, an increase of 21% over previous year.
This is a brief introduction. I may add a bit more later on.